deductive - take a bit of knowledge and another bit of knowledge to make a truth.
modus ponen - always true
contrapositive - always true
converse - never true
Inverse - never true
inductive - take some truth to identify a bit of knowledge
abduction - take observations and guesses to for a theory that is likely to be true.
Additional notes on logic...
more notes on logic
-arguments : a formal logical system of statements
--deductive argument : i.e. the scientific method
notes on logical fallacies : https://yourlogicalfallacyis.com
-persuasion by association
-post hoc, ergo proptor hoc
more to come as I expend upon these definitions.